Developing with aubio

Here is a brief overview of the C library.

For a more detailed list of available functions, see the API documentation.

To report issues, ask questions, and request new features, use Github Issues

Design Basics

The library is written in C and is optimised for speed and portability.

All memory allocations take place in the new_ methods. Each successful call to new_ should have a matching call to del_ to deallocate the object.

// new_ to create an object foobar
aubio_foobar_t * new_aubio_foobar(void * args);
// del_ to delete foobar
void del_aubio_foobar (aubio_foobar_t * foobar);

The main computations are done in the _do methods.

// _do to process output = foobar(input)
audio_foobar_do (aubio_foobar_t * foobar, fvec_t * input, cvec_t * output);

Most parameters can be read and written at any time:

// _get_param to get foobar.param
smpl_t aubio_foobar_get_a_parameter (aubio_foobar_t * foobar);
// _set_param to set foobar.param
uint_t aubio_foobar_set_a_parameter (aubio_foobar_t * foobar, smpl_t a_parameter);

In some case, more functions are available:

// non-real time functions
uint_t aubio_foobar_reset(aubio_foobar_t * t);

Basic Types

// integers
uint_t n = 10;                 // unsigned
sint_t delay = -90;            // signed

// float
smpl_t a = -90.;               // simple precision
lsmp_t f = 0.024;              // double precision

// vector of floats (simple precision)
fvec_t * vec = new_fvec(n);
vec->data[0] = 1;
vec->data[vec->length-1] = 1.; // vec->data has n elements

// complex data
cvec_t * fftgrain = new_cvec(n);
vec->norm[0] = 1.;             // vec->norm has n/2+1 elements
vec->phas[n/2] = 3.1415;       // vec->phas as well

// matrix
fmat_t * mat = new_fmat (height, length);
mat->data[height-1][0] = 1;    // mat->data has height rows
mat->data[0][length-1] = 10;   // mat->data[0] has length columns

Reading a sound file

In this example, aubio_source is used to read a media file.

First, define a few variables and allocate some memory.


  uint_t samplerate = 0;
  char_t *source_path = argv[1];

  aubio_source_t* s =
  fvec_t *vec = new_fvec(hop_size);


With samplerate = 0, aubio_source will be created with the file’s original samplerate.

Now for the processing loop:

  do {
    aubio_source_do(s, vec, &read);
    fvec_print (vec);
    n_frames += read;

At the end of the processing loop, memory is deallocated:

  if (vec)

See the complete example: test-source.c.

Computing a spectrum

Now let’s create a phase vocoder:

  uint_t win_s = 32; // window size
  uint_t hop_s = win_s / 4; // hop size

  fvec_t * in = new_fvec (hop_s); // input buffer
  cvec_t * fftgrain = new_cvec (win_s); // fft norm and phase
  fvec_t * out = new_fvec (hop_s); // output buffer

The processing loop could now look like:

  if (aubio_pvoc_set_window(pv, "hanningz") != 0) return 1;

  // fill input with some data
  fvec_set_all (in, 1.);
  fvec_print (in);

  while ( n-- ) {
    // get some fresh input data
    // ..

    // execute phase vocoder
    aubio_pvoc_do (pv,in,fftgrain);

    // do something with fftgrain
    // ...
    cvec_print (fftgrain);

Time to clean up the previously allocated memory:


    // and do something with the result
    // ...
    fvec_print (out);

See the complete example: test-phasevoc.c.

Doxygen documentation

The latest version of the API documentation is built using Doxygen and is available at:


Please report any issue and feature request at the Github issue tracker. Patches and pull-requests welcome!